Projectile motion refers to an object being projected into the air at an angle or straight up. Gravity is a key force that affects projectile motion. A projectile only has one force acting upon it being gravity. Gravity affects all objects the same way regardless of their mass. The angle that maximizes the range of an object horizontally the most is 45 degrees. The angle that maximizes vertical displacement the most is 90 degrees. This is true because none of the energy is transfered into the horizontal direction and instead it is all directed towards the vertical direction. In order to achieve the farthest distance a baseball can be hit or throws, according to projectile motion, it has to be hit/thrown at an angle of 45 degrees. If you wanted to hit or throw the baseball as high as you could, you would have to throw/hit the ball at 90 degrees to maximize vertical displacement.
Resulted in a 14.97m difference. Releasing @ 45degree angle went further.
Rotation of the Baseball
When pitching to batters pitchers can create rotation and spin on the ball to make it tougher on batters to recognize the pitch and essentially hit the ball. Pitchers use a variety of grips on the seams and arm motions to create different parabolic trajectories. Four seam fastball grip is different then a curve ball grip which causes the different paths. Fastballs will lead to straight paths and curve balls will lead to bending trajectories.
In baseball, speed is used in all aspects of the game. Hitting, fielding,running and throwing. Pitchers need speed to strike out batters. Batters need speed to catch up to the pitcher's quickness of the pitch and fielders need speed to throw out runners. The speed is all dependent on the type of bat the batter uses, the age of the batter because this will determine the persons strength and the pitch speed. Speed involves calculating distance over time. Speed is proportional to distance when time is constant and speed is also proportional to time when distance is constant.
Acceleration is another key and essential part to the game of baseball. Pitcher's especially, use acceleration to exert the ball with extreme force to blow it by batters. As a pitcher, you can create rotation and spin on the baseball by positioning your fingers on the seems in different positions. Once the pitcher releases the ball and has left the finger tips of the pitcher, the ball has reached it's maximum force. The pitcher releases a force from the body to the tip of his fingers and the snap of the wrist which causes the baseball to take off. Once the ball is released, there are 2 forces acting on it. Acceleration due to gravity and air friction which will be very minimal.